Born in Philadelphia, he studied under William Merritt Chase in New York, and Thomas Anshutz at the Pennsylvania Academy.
He is mentioned as a friend of Elmer SCHOFIELD and Julius OLSSON, who painted in St Ives, and had lived and worked in Paris (Julian Academie) at same time as the other two in 1909. Later he taught at the Art Institute of Chicao, and the Pennsylvania Academy. He died in Gloucester, Massachusetts.
At this stage, it isstill speculative as to when and if he worked at his plein-air paintings in Cornwall itself.