Romaine Brooks, born Beatrice Romaine GODDARD in Italy, was an American painter who worked mostly in Paris and Capri, specialising in portraiture. She is best known for her images of women in androgynous or masculine dress, including her self-portrait of 1923, which is her most widely reproduced work. While living in London between 1902 and 1904, she spent some time in St Ives, where she developed a palette of fine gradations of grey. From then on her paintings were dominated by grey, white and black. She painted very little after 1925 and died in Nice aged 96.