The artist was trained first in Taunton, Somerset, where she was awarded a medal (1885) for sculpture, and subsequently attended art school in London. She married Henry BAINSMITH, also a sculptor, who worked from Park Studio in St John's Wood (exhibited 1890-92 RA, RBA). The couple had one son, Bruce. Owing to the sudden death of Henry in 1893, Georgina moved to St Ives, Cornwall with her mother and younger sister Mabel BUCKNALL.

Mabel later married the photographer John Christian William DOUGLAS (Will) in 1897, which may have positively influenced Georgina to take up photography herself. Tovey reveals, in his in-depth research into the social history of the artists and their involvement in St Ives, that for some years she ran a photographic studio on the High Street in St Ives, and created photographic exhibits which she mounted at the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society exhibition (1902) and later at the Royal Photographic Society in London.  Georgina was a regular Show Day exhibitor in St Ives from 1895-1908.

The sister of Augusta BAIRD-SMITH, later Gussie Lindner.  Her nickname, as given by Edith Havelock ELLIS was 'Blue', possibly short for bluebell. She shared lodgings with her sister, prior to the latter's marriage to Moffatt LINDNER. Referenced as an artist by Tovey (2009) but as yet no further information gathered.

Frederick Wood Baker was the eldest of four sons of Frederick J and Mary Baker of St Pancras, London. In 1881 the family lived at 68 Wrotham Road, St Pancras, and Frederick was listed in the Census of that year as an 'Artist', aged 19 years.

London-born painter of coastal scenes and landscape which mainly feature the English south coast in works such as On the Shore, Studland, Dorset and Land's End, Cornwall. In the 4th and 5th exhibitions at Newlyn Art Gallery (both in 1896) this artist exhibited Sennen Crabbers, Curing Seaweed and A Bit of Kynance, all of which were sold. In the Year's Art of that same year, a F W Baker was living in Belsize Road in London, and exhibiting a painting at the Institute of Painters in Oil Colours (IPO).

In September of 1900 Baker Jnr exhibited and sold Penolver Point and Bossinney Cove at NAG. By 1902 his exhibiting address had moved to the Lizard, Cornwall.

There is no evidence that Baker Snr had any artistic involvement with Cornwall. Wood in Victorian Painters gives dates of fl 1873-1893, that clearly shows a loss in recognition of this artist when he moved to the provinces. 

His death is registered at Truro, Cornwall in 1936, aged 75.

His work has been shown in Cornwall more recently at the Lander Gallery, Truro.

Ben Baker was born in Devon but now lives in Falmouth. He obtained a BA (Hons) in Design Craft at Hereford College of Art. His wire sculptures are inspired by the coast and nautical life, and he also creates automata.

Nothing is known about the painter who created Seagulls, with St Michael's Mount, exhibited and sold by the Lander Gallery, Truro. Any detail welcome.

No further information at this time.

A former nun (and a niece of Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin) who came to some fame when she wrote I Leap Over the Wall (1949), which was her autobiographical 'return to the world after twenty-eight years in a convent' (sub-title). This book, published by Hamish Hamilton, went through at least 10 impressions, selling around the world.

She arrived in Cornwall in the late 1940s and moved into a cottage, described by her as 'my Cottage-in-the-Clouds' (Trevelioc) just below Flagstaff Cottage at Lamorna.  She was attracted to the artistic community and particularly Samuel John Lamorna BIRCH, taking some painting lessons with him. According to his daughter, Mornie BIRCH, her father found Baldwin quite irritating.

She continued to write, and in the late 1950s published a novel based on her life as a nun: The Called and the Chosen. By the 1960s she had moved away to the Channel Islands, where she subsequently died by her own hand.


A pupil of the FORBES SCHOOL, 1926-7.

Exeter born and Exeter College of Art graduate, Ray Balkwill has a permanent exhibition of paintings at The Studio Gallery in Exmouth, Devon called 'Captivated by the Cornish Landscape'. Along with his latest art book, A Picture of Cornwall – Contemporary Artists and the Inspirational Landscape, visitors can experience his love of the West Country in all the small coves, inlets and moorland.



Recorded in Whybrow's 1901-10 list of artists in and around St Ives, with no further information at this time.

Rebecca Ball creates one-off pieces featuring topographical and imaginary landscapes in stitched paper collage, using vintage maps and paper ephemera.

An artist of this name exhibited in Penzance in June 1996 at The Bakehouse Gallery in Penzance.

A correspondent (2016) who knew Mary Ball when she was living in Greenwich, London, in the 1970s, has provided further information on this artist. She moved to Cornwall in 1994, making her home initially in Newlyn and subsequently settling in Penzance, where she died. The Bakehouse Gallery exhibition catalogue is entitled 'Mary Ball - Recent Textiles' and states: 'This work is to do with time and chance and change. It is in process of becoming. It takes ideas from landscape.'

The correspondent describes Mary Ball as a pioneer in her field, who often felt alone and an outsider.

A retrospective exhibition of her work is to be held in the Constance Howard Gallery at Goldsmiths University of London in early 2019 (see EXHIBITIONS below for details).

Sarah Ball was born in Rotherham, South Yorkshire and studied Illustration at Newport Art College. Subsequently she obtained a Master of Fine Arts from Bath Spa University. She moved to Wales in 1996 but since 2015 has been living near Penzance.

Her meticulously rendered portraits explore themes of gender and identity. Demonstrating an acute sensitivity to the psyche of her subjects, she emphasises physical characteristics that define how we outwardly portray ourselves to the world. Ball uses source material such as newspaper cuttings, archival photographs and social media to inform her portraits. Often depicting people who celebrate self-expression and contest traditional binary norms, Ball highlights physiognomy, hairstyles, clothes, jewellery and make-up that reveal the idiosyncrasies of her anonymous, often unknowing sitters. Set against flat planes of colour and confined within closely cropped compositions, the artist lends the people within her work a surreal, timeless quality by denying the viewer any form of narrative about their identity.

Sarah Ball is represented by the Stephen Friedman Gallery in London. Her work has been shown extensively in London and the USA.

Born in Birmingham, her father was Dr J D Ballance. She studied at the Slade and in Paris. The family moved to St Ives just before WWI, and she was exhibiting at Show Days in St Ives by 1919. Her address in St Ives in 1925 was 1 Albany Terrace, from which she submitted two paintings, L'Epousee and Le soir to the Paris Salons.

She, like her brother Percy BALLANCE, worked from 1 Piazza Studios, and she continued to play a part in West Cornwall (St Ives) arts activities until well into the 1960s. Nevertheless, she also exhibited at NAG.  J&G give sending-in addresses for her in Petersfield, Hampshire (1928) and Cheltenham (1929).  Her close friend and companion was the artist Louisa Margaret LARKING. She was also a Justice of the Peace (JP).

Born in Birmingham, his father was Dr J D Ballance and he was the brother of Marjorie Heudebourck BALLANCE.  Educated at Gresham School, Holt, Norfolk, he studied art at the Slade School.

In St Ives he lived at 'The Croft', Carbis Bay, and worked from 1 Piazza Studios.  At the St Ives Show Day of 1924 he displayed three paintings: one of a rough sea, another of Dordrecht, and a smaller one of Godrevy and the Towans lit up by the after-glow.

In 1925-6 his address was at Bellyars Lane, St Ives.  Later he moved to Gloucestershire (1927) and Wells, Somerset (1932).

Jilly Ballantyne was born in Scotland and graduated from Gray's School of Art in 1989. In 1994 she moved to the Cote d'Azur, where she painted and taught art, hosting summer painting holidays at Matisse's former villa. It was here that she took part in the BBC Modern Masters TV series, with Alistair Sooke.

Ballantyne now lives in Cornwall, with a studio in Truro. She teaches art all over Cornwall, including hosting art weekends at the Hotel Tresanton in St Mawes. Her work has been exhibited widely in Cornwall, London and France.

Born in London, the artist studied at the Chelsea School of Art in the early 1980s before continuing her studies at the Bath Academy of Art, Corsham. In 1983 on a Gane Trust Travel Scholarship for sculpture, she went to Carrara, Italy, and in 1986 she took up a student internship at the Peggy Guggenheim Museum & Gallery in Venice. Her work is concerned primarily with the interrelationship of two- and three-dimensional forms and their expression in art.

On returning to Britain, Ballard set up her studio in Scotland, remaining there for five years prior to moving to Penzance. 1991 marked the start of a long association with the London gallery England & Co. where her work was exhibited in a number of group and solo shows. Her work has also been seen at the Royal Academy Summer Show, Cadogan Contemporary, and a series of London Art Fairs. In Autumn of 2013 two of her canvases were selected by Liz Anderson, art editor of 'The Spectator', for inclusion in 'The Discerning Eye' at the Mall Galleries.

While her influences acknowledge respect for the Cornish modernist tradition of Naum GABO, Peter LANYON and John WELLS, Ballard's art practice continues to evolve in accordance with her own personal vision. In 2010 she exhibited at the Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, with a tribute exhibition to the work of John TUNNARD. Her first solo show in Cornwall opened in December 2013 at Truro's Lemon Street Gallery. 

Ballinger was born and raised in Gloucestershire, where he trained first as a draughtsman and engineer at Gloucester College, before taking classes at the Stroud School of Art.  In Gloucestershire he was an art projects teacher and also a founder member of the Co-Optic Studios near Stroud. In 1999 he came to live in Cornwall, since which time he has exhibited widely in the USA and London, at RA Summer Exhibitions and with the NSA locally, of which Society he is an elected member.

Richard lives in Mousehole, and in 2010 he was an art tutor on a Baltic cruise ship with colleague Jesse Leroy SMITH. The tutorial assignment enabled visits to northern museums and galleries along the way, notably in Oslo where he viewed Munch's recently returned The Scream

His exhibition, 'The Man Who Fell to Earth', was on show on the Ramp Wall of The Exchange, Penzance until 31 December, 2010. His work, Improvisation, is mentioned in Ruhrmund's review of the 2011 NSA show, 'Uncharted Landscapes', at the Mariners Chapel, St Ives.

 In early 2012 he was part of a four-artist collaboration TAap-Chuan Xin with Sam BASSETT, Jesse Leroy SMITH and Chris PRIEST, exhibiting at Cornwall Contempory, Queens Square, Penzance.

Two of Ballinger's constructions were due to be installed at Goonhilly Earth Station in 2016.

Born in Huddersfield, the artist studied at Royal College of Art and at the Academie Julian in Paris in 1898. An architect initially, he also demonstrated considerable proficiency on the violin and viola. At the time of the 1901 Census, he and his wife were living at his parental home in Heysham, Lancashire, where he was an art master, later becoming head of Morecambe School of Art. The 1911 Census lists him and his wife lodging at a boarding house in Devon. Balmfield became very deaf, which may have ended his teaching career, and encouraged him to focus on his art practice.

He began exhibiting in 1914 and achieved early success with 'The Jetty, Polperro' at the Royal Academy in 1917, while living in Great Eccleston, Lancs. From 1924 to 1937 he spent a great deal of time in Cornwall, with a studio in St Ives for much of the late 1920s and early 1930s. During this time he became a member of STISA and also exhibited in Newlyn. Despite being a prolific artist, he did not exhibit widely, and between 1917 and 1938 had only eight works, seemingly Cornish scenes, hung at the Royal Academy. His fascination for boats in the harbour is evident from his large number of paintings of Polperro.

Balmford always retained a property in Lancashire, returning to Blackpool in 1937. He died in 1944 and after his wife's death three years later, 450 of his works were displayed at the Educational Institute, Arnside, Cumbria, prior to sale. His decorative style now attracts a number of collectors.

Bamber exhibited a painting at Newlyn Art Gallery in 1926, and simultaneously was listed solely as 'Bamber' in the pupil list of the FORBES SCHOOL. In 1937, after a gap of eleven years, another entry at NAG, Kynance Cove, was shown for the artist. An undated painting of Cornish Cliffs (oil on canvas) is part of the collection of the Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro.

Recorded in the Cornishman in 1943 as a Marazion (Cornwall) artist exhibiting in Canada.

Ginnie Bamford has been a long time potter working from the Sloop Craft Market in St Ives, producing beautiful, simple tableware, hand turned and decorated in quiet, floral designs.  Though working and exhibiting from her Pottery workshop until retirement in 2004, her commissioned work has meant travelling around Cornwall for exhibition and display in museums and galleries. Her table settings have been used for museum purposes such as the dining room at Pendennis Castle, and in National Trust Properties. Simone Slater took over her workshop in 2005, selling a variety of ceramics and some jewellery.

In Truro in the 1980s and '90s she was part of the exhibition and sales group of the Guild of Ten craft workers. She married in the late '80s and is now known as Ginnie Harrison. At that point her pottery mark changed. (Digital Museum of Cornish Ceramics)


Rose Bamford is based in Bude, north Cornwall. The subjects of her oil paintings include landscapes, birds, fish and boats.

A painter of landscapes, of Heanor, Nottinghamshire in 1921 (J&G), the coastal painting of St Michael's Mount, dated 1921, indicates that he was working in the area at this time, or shortly before.

Bampfield was born in Kidderminster. Circumstances prevented him from gaining an art school education and he entered the local carpet industry. In 1966 he moved, first to London and soon after to Cornwall, making his home on the north coast. Fascinated by the sea, he began to develop his natural artistic ability and rapidly built up a considerable reputation. He has exhibited at the Camel Valley Gallery in Wadebridge.

Ysobel Banfield lives in Cornwall's clay country where she makes art about landscape and nature. She graduated with a BA (Hons) in Fine Art from Sunderland University in 1995. Since then she has exhibited across the UK including London and Birmingham. She has also sold her work internationally, and takes part in Open Studio events.

In 1997, Serena Banham paid homage to her native home with an exhibition entitled 'Land's End: A Collection of Landscapes', shown in London at The Gallery, Portobello Road.

Her work was shown in a solo exhibition in November 2001 at the Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro.

The National Maritime Museum of Cornwall at Falmouth gave Banham their first commission to photograph and exhibit her photographs. 'The Sea'  was executed during 2003-4.

 The essence of Claire Banks' painting is colour and energy inspired by many sources including her travels.